Nothing is as disappointing as waiting all season and serving your paprika plants to harvest just two or three pathetic ones. Once you have gained this experience, you can try these methods to increase the yield of your pepper plant.
Different factors influence the productivity of the peppers throughout the growing season, so we are here to help you! With these simple instructions your plants will produce more peppers than ever before. Here are the steps to get more pepper on a plant
participates in various affiliate programs, which means that the links in this article may earn us a commission if you make a purchase on the website to which the link goes.
Read more: Guidelines for the cultivation of chili peppers.
Measures to increase the yield of paprika plants:
At the start of the pepper plants in room
Depending on where in the world you live, you may need to pepper your plants earlier for maximum yield. If you live in hardness zones 3-7, where the last frost falls in April or May, the indoor effect will give your plants the pepper they need for a longer growth period.
Fortunately, it is very easy and cheap to start growing seedlings indoors, using a sunny window or, ideally, with the full range of light. Read here about the best lights for pepper cultivation.
In short, the seeds of the peppers should normally be planted indoors from the beginning to mid March or 6 to 8 weeks before the last possible frost. This prolongs the growing season and allows the pepper plants to ripen fully and produce pepper outdoors.
The plants can be taken outside as soon as the danger of frost has passed (see the date of the last spring frost on Almanac.com).
Card hardness zone
Tip: If you want to promote shrubs, you can start growing seedlings in mid-February and prune in March. If you use chillies very early, you can cut the plants to promote fuller growth and higher yields.
Use of supplemental lighting
The possibilities are endless if you buy a fixture for indoor installation. We like quiet LED lamps that are very efficient and emit little heat. We also use a snap-on adjustable LED lamp to add extra light.
Let’s see how our favorites grow onions with pepper.
Isn’t a sunshade enough? In layman’s terms, no. When the pepper seeds germinate, they need intense light to make a good start. The sunlight is filtered and does not last long enough per day, especially in winter. If you grow light, you can provide light 16 hours a day and avoid beans, which are weak pepper plants, from the start.
We use this clip-on LED lamp from Amazon to get more light when we use our seeds and bear fruit as houseplants.
In the Amazon we use this powerful LED light for seedlings and large plants before we bring them outside. This light is also ideal for indoor crops, from seedling to harvest.
For a more accessible and similar version, look for this LED block with a larger budget.
If possible, avoid devices that use fans, as they can be very noisy. We also prefer full spectrum sunlamps because they do not emit aggressive violet and blue tones.
Moving equipment outside/curing equipment
The hardening of plants can be a complex process. Indoors, new plants are not used to natural elements such as wind, rain, direct sunlight and temperature fluctuations. In order for the exit of your plants to run smoothly, you need to proceed step by step.
Recommended outdoor planting scheme:
- First week: 20 minutes of direct sunshine or 1 hour of shade per day.
- Second week: 1 hour of direct sunshine or 3-4 hours of shade per day.
- Third week: 2 hours of sunshine per day or all day in the shade
- Week four: Transplant forever outdoors
Some climates are more forgiving, others more difficult. Keep an eye on your plants, especially during the first few days outdoors. If the leaves of the plant appear wilted, bring them back immediately and wait until the next day.
Low temperatures at night should also be avoided. Peppers don’t want to be outside under 50°F.
Using the best soil for paprika plants
A healthy paprika plant starts with a healthy growing environment. That means you have to use the right floor. If you plan to grow plants indoors, you’ll need two separate floors. One for sowing and one for post-transplantation.
Soil seeding begins
When starting the seed, the soil must be well aerated and low in nutrients. Paprika seeds contain in-built nutrients that help the plant germinate and grow to a certain size. The plants can then be moved to more nutritious soil. That is why the best kind of seed source is something like the Jiffy-Seed starter mix in the Amazon.
Pay attention: It is important not to start the seed indoors with soil from the outside. This can lead to the formation of fungi, insects and other unwanted organisms. Make sure the seed is in a compacted starting soil.
Soil for planting
A light soil (soil side) is preferably required for transplanting paprika plants, but the most typical planting soil is perfect for pot plants.
When planting in the ground, you can work in two or three large 100-square-metre bags to provide the plants with nutrient-rich soil in which to settle. Ideally, you should also work with some organic materials, such as compost, every season. This ensures that your soil is healthy and full of useful germs that love peppers.
Tip: If you have a raised bed or a garden, plant a deck plant to maintain a wide variety of plants and roots.
If you are considering growing pepper in pots, choosing the right pot can have a major impact on the size and productivity of your plants.
Always wet the soil before putting it lightly in a pot. If you work with a garden bed, you can (only!) loosen the soil with a garden fork 2 weeks before the last frost. This improves aeration and drainage and gives the micro-organisms in the soil time to recover before planting.
You can also make adjustments to the floor to get more food. We use blood derived foods for calcium and Epsom salts for magnesium and sulphur. If you have compost, bring it to your garden every year before ploughing the soil.
What is the best pot for paprika plants?
If you grow peppers in pots, you might wonder which pot is best for peppers. The answer is simple: Pots of 12 inches or more.
Without sufficient soil, the growth of the pepper plant is slowed down and it will never reach its maximum size. The yield of the pepper plant is reduced without the need for at least 3 to 5 gallons of soil.
We love Bloom Saturn on the Amazon. You can choose from many fun colors and sizes!
You need to choose the right size for your specific breeding location. In the Amazon there are many opportunities for large potseeders. Eventually: The larger the sowing machine, the more the root system can develop and the more peppers can be harvested.
Tip: When planting sweet pepper plants for the first time, make sure that the soil on which they are to be planted is pre-moisturized so that it can easily absorb water throughout the growing season.
After transplanting the plants outdoors, it is time to fertilize them.
Using the best fertilizer for paprika plants
For good growth peppers need a healthy balance of nitrogen, phosphate and potassium. When you buy fertilizer, you often see three large numbers on the packaging. They correspond to these three elements and their quantities in a given fertiliser.
Frequency of fertilization of pepper plants
Fertilization begins immediately after germination of the pepper at reduced strength. Do not fertilize immediately after transplantation. Wait about a week until the root system is integrated into the new soil. You can then resume your fertilisation programme.
As a general rule, when growing plants you should fertilize every two weeks. For ease of application, we recommend using higher nitrogen fertilization at a time when pepper plants are actively growing to maximize yield.
Fox Farm produces an excellent trio of fertilizers that facilitate the fertilization of the peppers. Use Grow Large at the beginning of growth and switch to Blossom or Tiger Blossom when the plants start flowering.
A higher level of nitrogen stimulates strong leaf growth, which is essential for a strong and healthy plant.
When the plants are well developed and begin to flower, you should switch to a low nitrogen fertilizer, e.g. 3-5-5 or 5-10-10. However, this is not entirely necessary. Instead, you can reduce the strength of the fertilizer.
A low nitrogen content contributes to higher fruit production instead of abundant leaf growth. Most fertilizer brands mark each type of fertilizer with Grow or Bloom to indicate the growth stage for which the fertilizer is intended.
Pay attention: Flowers that fall off your pepper plants are a sign of too much nitrogen.
You can read more about how we fertilize our plants with pepper in our article here.
How to crush peppers
Cutting is easy. This also applies to sharp scissors and your pepper plants. But before you start pruning, you should first check where (and why) you should prune the pepper plants.
The purpose of pruning is to direct the plant’s energy to where it needs to grow. For example, you want pepper cultivation to concentrate on the production itself and not on the production of leaves and branches.
When pruning, we remove a few stems and insignificant parts of the paprika plant, so that the growth is focused on where we want it to grow.
Good, lots of pepper in our garden.
Do you have to prune sweet pepper plants?
Before you start trimming, you must first determine whether it is necessary. These are situations in which cutting can be useful.
The first plants. If you have suddenly started growing pepper in the winter, you can cut it once before you go outside. This helps to keep the plants indoors at a comfortable size and over time can contribute to a more bushy structure.
Tall plants. When your paprika plants become large and durable, a light cut can help to change their shape. When you remove the tip of your pepper, the energy is diverted to produce more shoots.
Low branches. One of the best ways to prevent disease in sweet pepper plants is to keep the leaves away from the ground. To do this, cut all branches at a distance of 15 to 20 cm from the ground while the plant is growing. This is called soil cutting and is highly recommended for peppers and tomatoes.
Hibernate. If you have a pepper you can’t say goodbye to at the end of the season, you can prepare it for winter storage. It is a heavy pruning, so that only a few leaves remain on the plant to continue photosynthesis.
Use the right tools to cut pepper
Use sharp scissors to prune the plants. Do not break the stems with your fingers, as this can lead to bruising and bruising on the stems. The knife can also work, but make sure it is sharp enough to cut easily without crushing the stems.
We love these Amazon Secats available.
Pepper seed size
On the young seedlings, which are about 5 to 6 cm high, you can cut the sweet pepper a little further than the second or third node (this is where the new leaves start). By cutting off the tip you prevent the plant from growing. This will encourage your young plant to grow outdoors and create a solid base.
Details : Should we squeeze the pepper blossoms?
Pay attention: Make sure you leave at least 2 or 3 sets of leaves on your plant. Without leaves, the plant cannot photosynthesise!
Medium pepper plant size
As soon as your sweet pepper plants are out and have reached a height of about 1 foot (still growing), you can prune them again. At this stage, the goal is to stimulate a strong tribe. If the plants look healthy and are not too tall and thin, there is no need to prune them at this stage.
You can also cut off low branches so that the leaves do not splash on the ground.
You can also cut off all the early flowers that have bloomed. This allows the plant to develop completely healthy leaves before it starts investing energy in the production of peppers.
Pay attention: Do not cut growing plants too late in the season. If there are only 40 or 50 days left before the end of the season, you can reduce your harvest before the frost.
Late pruning of pepper plants
If the season continues and you start to harvest, you don’t have to prune the plant during the season. However, as the end of the season and the last frost approaches, you can make a final cut to help the plant finish the last pepper production.
If 2 to 3 weeks remain before the first frost of winter, cut off all branches that do not bear fruit. Leave enough leaves to continue photosynthesis. This allows your last crop to ripen before the plants die.
Tip: Read our special article on pruning to get the best guide to pruning sweet pepper plants!
It is worth noting that pruning is not necessary, but that it helps to stimulate the plant and increase the yield of the peppers.
Sunlight and heat stress for pepper growers
Under ideal conditions, sweet pepper plants need sunlight all day long. This means 10 to 12 hours of direct sunlight during the summer months.
These are ideal conditions, but most gardeners still manage to get a lot of pepper in 6 hours or even less sunlight. However, the amount of sunlight has a direct effect on the yield of your pepper plant.
Try to find the best outdoor location where there is as much sun as possible during the day, especially in the mornings and afternoons. If you live near trees, moving a plant 3 meters away can make a big difference in the amount of sunlight!
Prevention of heat stress in facilities
Peppers prefer an average daytime temperature between 65 and 85°F. When the daytime temperature is below 65°F or above 90°F, the flowers often do not attach the fruits. If you expect the weather to be very hot or very cool, try to please your pepper plants.
Heat stress can be a gardener’s nightmare. This can lead to leaf decay, lower yields and generally worse results. However, there are a number of things you can do indoors and outdoors to survive the heat (90°F and above).
- Water (much)! Plants will consume much more water during the heat. Keep the plants moist, but do not wet them.
- Provide temporary shade. Use an umbrella or other object to shade your pepper in the afternoon. Between 12:00 and 16:00 is usually the hottest time of the day.
- Do not fertilize or cut when it is hot. These actions should be postponed until the end of the heat wave.
- The first plants are exposed to low temperatures before being taken outside. This is called a cold treatment and can help plants prepare for a wider range of temperatures.
- Keep the thermometer close to your plants. Temperatures can vary in different parts of the yard. If your plants are accidentally in a warm zone, consider moving them when possible.
In most cases pepper tolerates warm temperatures well, but each plant has its limits. Look for frequent signs of heat stress, such as pepper with flowers but no pepper, slow growth and fading leaves.
We hope these sweet pepper planting tips will help you get a better yield from your sweet pepper plants. Share your photos with us, we love to see the incredible peppers growing all over the world!
One of the original s! When Calvin is not gardening or studying pepper and botany, he can travel to new places or make music.
how to prune pepper plants for maximum yield,how to prune pepper plants youtube,topping pepper plants,growing huge pepper plants,pruning chilli plants,how to prune anaheim peppers,how to prune mature pepper plants,pruning shishito peppers