Many casual gardeners believe that winter means the end of the growing season. However, thanks to the interior lighting, the hibernation method and the greenhouses, our growing season can last all year round. You can ask yourself one question at any time of the year: What can I get in now?
In this article we present you month after month some possibilities for what you can plant today. We assume you’re in the northern hemisphere, but if you’re down there, just add 6 months!
We live in zone 6a (New England), so we will use this example as a basis, but you can adjust the landing time according to your hardness zone. In general: If you are in a cooler (less) climate, you will have to wait longer to start sowing.
For warm or tropical climates most plants can be planted at any time, except for people who like the cold. I hope this article will help you to keep your love of growing plants out of season. Let’s go, let’s go, let’s go, let’s go!
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What to plant in winter
Winter seems to be the last time of the year when new facilities are put into use. Although sowing in the field is often impossible due to frozen soil and snow, many plants can be put outside in spring and summer for an earlier harvest.
The days are short and cold, but that doesn’t mean all the gardening has to stop! Here are some options for planting in December.
- Mushrooms. Mushrooms are suitable for indoor cultivation all year round and are surprisingly easy to grow yourself. Fungi only need filtered light to grow, and they can have multiple fruits per growth. The process is very different from growing plants, so there may be a small learning curve. However, if you want to enjoy the winter project, try growing your own oysters, shiitake or Royal Tropheria mushrooms indoors!
-> A mushroom growing on the Amazon.
- Lettuce. There are many species of special lettuce that can be sown from late autumn to early winter (under cover). If you just can’t wait to start planting edible vegetables outside, try Winter Density or Winter Jewel.
- Cauliflower. Although it is usually planted outdoors 2 to 6 weeks before the last frost, the cauliflower can be harvested early in the morning indoors or, in warmer climates, outdoors.
-> Try this beautiful purple cauliflower from RareSeeds.
- Garlic. The stratification of garlic requires a cold period, a natural process that allows each clove to become a whole tuber in spring and summer. Plant the garlic cloves about 4 to 6 weeks before the soil freezes in late autumn or early winter. Plant garlic in zone 6 from early to mid December.
-> Look for the beautiful types of garlic available here, or just use the organic garlic cloves you buy in the shop!
January, one of the coldest months of the year, can seem a strange time to sow. However, in many climatic conditions, some plants require early indoor planting to take full advantage of the growing season.
- Bulbs for daffodils and tulips. For zones 6+, tulip and daffodil bulbs can be buried outside at this late stage. The piston is set at the factory at a depth of 4 to 10 inches, with a narrow section towards the surface.
- Spinach and cabbage. In zones 6+ the cabbage can often survive the winter. At the end of January, cabbage and strong spinach can be sown indoors and transplanted outdoors in warmer weather.
- Petrushka. Petrushka is resistant to the cold, but also has the reputation of slowly germinating. Get this popular and delicious herb early in the morning to get the most out of your plants during the hot months!
In February we start to be very happy with the next growing season. Many super hot peppers need a longer growing season, that’s why our planting starts this month! In warmer climates tomatoes and other common vegetables may also be present this month.
- Peppers (super hot varieties). Finally, we will talk about the most important vegetarian vegetable (in our opinion here ;). Super hot peppers, such as phantom peppers or scorpion peppers, should start mid February with the seeds inside (Zones 3-7). The early introduction of these varieties ensures that the peppers ripen outdoors before the end of the growing season. In short, super sprayers have to grow indoors for 10 to 12 weeks before they come out after the risk of frost.
-> Here you see the hottest peppers.
-> Learn to grow pepper here.
- Strawberries. If you cover your strawberries with straw or rows, they can easily hibernate and come back to life in early spring. When planting from seed, the 6+ zones can start planting small seeds indoors under the light in February, to replant them outdoors in spring.
-> Grow strawberries in a SeedsNow bag.
- tomatoes (warm climate). If you live in a warmer climate (zone 7+), you can start growing tomatoes in February. Tomatoes grow fast, so make sure the outside temperature is not compromised after 4 to 6 weeks!
- Rosemary, oregano and thyme. Most herbs can be used in February for an early start of transplanting in the open air. However, these three popular options are very slow in the beginning, so give them enough time before you go out!
- Mushroom strains in the open air. If you find a suitable stem (freshly cooked or cut), you can buy mushroom caps to refine the wood with mushroom mycelium. Outdoor fun can be a fun experience, but they can also be a bit tricky.
-> Learn more about growing mushrooms on open stems.
-> Get some mushroom caps here.
What to plant in spring
Spring is a time of crisis! Many gardeners understand that they already lag behind in planting, but they are never afraid. Many plants from the garden can be sown directly outdoors and others can be started up in the house in early spring. These are just a few of the countless possibilities for spring planting.
- Pepper (sweet or hot). The most common paprika varieties must be planted in March in an area closed to Zone 6. The varieties Halapeno, Paprika, Serrano and many others need about 8 weeks of indoor growth before the last day of frost. Make sure you grow strong, clear plants from the start (see our growing guidelines).
-> Here you will find a large selection of pepper seeds of botanical interest.
-> Learn to grow peppers here.
- Tomatoes. In most countries with a cooler climate, the tomatoes can be planted from mid-March onwards. If you let them grow under the light, the tomatoes grow very fast. Keep the tomatoes indoors for 4 to 6 weeks until the night temperature is constantly above freezing.
-> Look, there’s a wide variety of tomatoes.
- Broccoli and cabbage. Broccoli and cabbage can be sown outside a few weeks before the last expected frost. For field 6 this means end of March or beginning of April. You can also plant broccoli and cabbage in late summer for an early winter harvest.
- Carrots and beets. If winter turns into spring, many cold-resistant plants can be sown directly outdoors at the end of March or beginning of April. Roots and beets are excellent examples of these plants that germinate beautifully in cool weather at lower temperatures.
Tip: They can also be planted later in the summer for the autumn harvest!
- Basil. The basilica grows quickly, so you can plant it indoors in March and have a large harvest in May. These plants tend to produce yields throughout the summer. Just make sure the yield remains high! Do not leave the basil in the seeds, otherwise the taste will change.
The month of April is fast approaching and in a temperate climate you start to feel the heat again. In the northern climate it can still take a few weeks before the weather starts making T-shirts again, but a lot of plants can start early in the house this month!
- Gherkins. Plant cucumbers for the summer harvest in April for a cooler indoor climate. It’ll be about six weeks before they come out. In warm climates, some cucumbers can be sown directly outdoors.
- Summer squash and pumpkins. For pumpkins such as zucchini and pumpkin, the seeds are administered indoors from the end of April. These plants germinate and grow very quickly, so be prepared to remove them when the danger of frost has disappeared.
- Cantaloupe and watermelon. Sweet and juicy melons need a long growth period to reach full ripeness. The seeds start to grow indoors at the beginning of April and are replanted outside after the last frost. In cooler climates, start harvesting melon seeds even earlier, before the autumn frost.
- Onions and onions. Onions and bulbs can be sown directly outdoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last local frost. As a rule, the cut onions will be very fertile during the early summer months and until late autumn. Under certain climatic conditions chives can survive the winter and will grow again in the spring of next year!
- Sweet potatoes. Start growing potato seed indoors to make a good start to the harvest at the end of the year. You can go outside when the danger of frost has disappeared (very sensitive to frost!).
There are many more plants that can be sown in April. This is the most popular month of the year for seed beginners in the room. If you don’t know where to start this month, check the planting instructions on the back of the seed packs.
By May, many of your houseplants will be ready for the street. May is also a good time to pick up seedlings from your local nursery and plant them directly in your open garden. However, there are other plants that can be planted outdoors directly from seed.
- Corn. For the summer harvest, the maize can be sown directly in zone 6 in mid-May. Because maize is not planted very well, it is best not to plough in most countries with a cold or warm climate. He’s growing just as fast, so it’s nice to see him grow throughout the season.
- Green beans. Green beans grow quickly from seed. They usually germinate in just a few days, and some species are ready for harvest 50 days after planting. Not for nothing is it one of the most popular garden plants! If you’re wondering what to plant now, in May, think of delicious green beans.
-> Look at these amazing species of colorful beans.
- Okra. Bamia is excellent for soups or fried rice and is an excellent garden plant for May. With a shelf life of about 60 days, okra is a fast-growing option for non-workers (for zone 6). The coloured seeds can be planted directly in the ground as soon as the danger of frost has passed.
-> Try this beautiful burgundy color to give your garden some color.
- Pumpkin. If you missed the boat in April, it is still possible to plant many summer pumpkins from seed in May (and beyond!). These plants produce so fast that you can leave them by throwing a few late seeds into the ground.
If you have planted seeds indoors, in much cooler climates, the last frost will occur in May. With the disappearance of the frost, your outdoor garden can take shape!
What to plant in summer
While summer is usually a time to harvest ripening vegetables, in late autumn you can grow several crops for harvesting. If you want to grow melons or peppers, it’s too late. However, cabbage, potatoes and corn can still be added to the garden this year!
In many parts of the northern hemisphere it begins to warm up in June. This means that most of the new plants added this month are ready for harvest in late summer or autumn.
- Corn. For the autumn harvest – until the end of June (for zone 6). A warm soil temperature is exactly what the corn needs to get off to a good start. In June, the average daily sunshine is sufficient for a healthy autumn harvest.
Tip: Let corn grow in rows so that the plants can pollinate well.
- Cauliflower. Cauliflowers can also be sown with seed for the autumn harvest in June (for zone 6). The cauliflower, which is planted in June, is normally ready for harvest at the end of August.
- Brussels sprouts. For the autumn harvest, plant sprouts in mid-June (zone 6). This gives the plants enough time to mature. If you expect early frost, add a thick layer of mulch around the base of the plant to keep the roots warm.
There are several other fast-growing plants that can be placed on the market in July for a later autumn harvest. The most suitable species will be plants that like cool weather. Here are some options for landing in July.
- Potatoes. The potato is naturally the crop of the cool season. This means that you can plant them in early spring for the summer harvest or about 100-110 days before the last frost before the autumn harvest. Start growing potatoes in the fields in July before the autumn harvest.
- Gherkins. Many varieties of cucumbers will produce excellent late autumn crops when planted outdoors in July. Sow the seeds for Zone 6 in July directly in the ground or adapt them easily to your specific climate.
- Kale. Although cabbage does not grow in warm weather, the plants absorb it when the temperature begins to drop in autumn. For a large harvest of autumn cabbage, sow the seeds directly in the garden in July.
- Cabbage and broccoli. In July you can plant cabbage and broccoli plants outside for the autumn harvest. When the time is ripe, these crops can be planted in early spring and mid-summer for two separate crops.
In a cool climate, August is not the best time to introduce new equipment. However, there are some other possibilities to land in the summer.
- The peas. In autumn, harvesting must be done directly in the ground in August. Fast-growing peas are an excellent garden snack in the autumn.
- Flowers. From calendula to lightning, you can sow many different types of flowers in August for a beautiful autumn bloom.
- Lettuce. If the weather is cool, try planting a lettuce for the autumn harvest in August. The green leaves do not like warm, sunny weather, but with the beginning of summer the plants will be happier.
What is planted in autumn
Don’t be discouraged by the approaching winter. Autumn sowing is perfect for some plants. Some people really need the coming winter to grow in the next season!
Usually the peppers ripen in September and the harvest begins. However, if you want to start something new, here are some ideas on what should be planted in September.
- Panties and other flowers. If you are looking for ornamental plants, try antennae. If you plant the plants at the right time, when the soil temperature has cooled down, they can survive the winter.
- Radishes. If we plant radishes at the beginning of September, many varieties of radishes will be ready to be harvested in October! Excellent and tasty root crops, starting in the field at the beginning of September.
- Spinach and arugula. Part of the spinach can come ashore in September. The handle is perfect for a quick turnaround, some species are ready within a few weeks. In a warmer climate, September is a good time to start harvesting most of the green vegetables for the late autumn harvest.
When trees lose their leaves, it is the end rather than the beginning of the growing season. But in October there are still beautiful things to plant!
- Oh, mothers. Chrysanthemums like cool weather. Although most people do not grow them from seed, they are often used as pot plants in the autumn months. Perfect for adding autumn color to your open space!
- Tulips. For zone 6, the tulip bulbs must be buried in October. If you live in a colder area, plant in September or a warmer area in November. It is important to note that the soil began to cool down after the hot summer months.
- Kale. Here too, cabbage is a chance to land now. This year’s harvest may be small, but if you protect the plants and roots, they can survive the winter.
- Covered plants. We like to put our paprika plants in the ground and in smaller pots. We even turned one of our summer peppers into a bonsai tree to make our green thumb happy!
Tip: Be careful not to bring pests into the house – use oil or soak whole plants in soapy water for a few minutes.
To be honest, November is not the best month to plant something outdoors. Of course, this does not mean that there are no options!
Garlic. In colder climates (zones 1-4), garlic can be planted in November for harvesting the following summer. As mentioned earlier, garlic needs a period of cold weather for its stratification.
Growth in the house! Again, we cannot emphasize how much we would like to bring our gardens into the room in the winter. From succulents to whole vegetable plants, it’s the limit. Let the light grow and start growing new plants in a spare cupboard or in a corner.
-> Take a look at our overview of the Aerogarden.
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If you are still looking for something to grow, try the landing calendar almanac for farmers in your area. Thank you for reading it. If you have any suggestions for growing plants now, please let us know in the comments below!
One of the original s! When Calvin is not gardening or studying pepper and botany, he can travel to new places or make music.
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