Pepper is a charming garden plant that is spread all over the world. However, there is a subgroup of gardeners who only grow peppers, with a particular interest in exotic and bizarre species. There are 5 main types of domesticated peppers, each with a number of unique varieties.

In this article we will talk about some basic types of Capsicum and some interesting facts.

Species of sweet pepper Species of sweet pepper

Capsicum Annum

Capsule crater vacuum specifications:

  • Origin: Mexico (Source)
  • Verdict: AN-Yoo-um
  • Popular breeds : Bell, chili, cayenne pepper.

Jalapeño Peppers Colours Different kinds of jalapeño peppers.

The Capsicum annuum is undoubtedly the most famous pepper and is home to some of the most popular varieties. These include Jalapeno, Cayenne, Bell, Blanno and many others.

The degree of spiciness of vacuum packed pepper varies greatly. Some have nothing at all, like paprika, and others are very hot, like Assam and cayenne pepper. Sizes also vary from huge, thick walls to small berry-like pods.

Annum is also home to many of the most beautiful plants and peppers. Fish pepper has beautiful white and green leaves and striped paprika.

The pimenta da envy is one of the most crossed varieties because of its almost black leaves and dark purple pepper.

The halapenos is one of the most popular chilli peppers in the world, usually found in grocery stores in its unripe green color. The standard jalapenos turn red when fully grown, and the NMSU has crossed yellow, orange and brown varieties!

Peppered chin

Chinese Capsicum Info:

  • Origin: Central America and the Caribbean
  • Verdict: Chi-Nin-say
  • The meaning of the name: Chinese origin (although this is not really the case).
  • Popular breeds : Habanero, scotch hood, ghost pepper, pepper in 7 jars

Super hot chillies Various chillies.

The Capsicum chinense, which contains the hottest types of chillies, is highly appreciated by lovers of chilli peppers. Peppers are usually hot and have a strong floral taste. Many also have citrus nuts.

The wide variety of Bulgarian peppers is constantly growing, as it remains one of the most popular peppers for cross-breeding. This type of chin is known as one of the ugliest peppers, with wrinkled skin and long, spiky buttocks.

But in fact, it’s good for many manufacturers. The weirder the breed, the better. With its high degree of sharpness, wide variety of shapes and sizes and exciting taste, it is no wonder that the chin is still the king of paprika varieties for many paprika lovers.

Capsicum Frutescens

Capsicum Frutescens Information:

  • Origin: South or Central America
  • Verdict: Fruit essence
  • The meaning of the name: Bush
  • Popular breeds : Tabasco, pee-pee, pee-pee. Purrira peppers.

The famous Tabasco herb sauce uses the same kind of pepper and comes from fruit trees. These peppers are generally moderately sharp, with thin walls and small pods. That does not make Tabasco peppers the perfect choice for hot sauce, but it has become a tradition.

Most peppers are spherical and ripen until they are red or orange. Some types go through different colours before reaching final colour maturity.

The taste is generally not inspiring, although they are good peppers for the warm kitchen. The chopsticks add a lot of spices to the dish without changing the taste. Perfect for chili, roast and of course hot sauce!

Baking date capsikum

Capsicum Bacc date information:

  • Origin: South or Central America
  • Verdict: BACKGROUND
  • The meaning of the name: Bes
  • Popular breeds : A drop of shiny alembic, the bishop’s crown.

Sweet Pepper Rush Peach Sweet Pepper Rush Peach

Capsicum baccatum peppers come in all kinds of shapes and are heated. Some species of aji are long and thin, while others have more twisted and unusual shapes. Some remarkable examples: Brazilian starfish, episcopal crown.

Only recently have breeders become interested in Baccatha varieties. The latest peach sugar fever is a hit for its spicy pods and high yields. Even newer striped sugar snap peas – chic and rare!

The taste varies from super sweet and fruity to bitter and earthy. Some people think Bakkatumas are home to some of the tastiest peppers!

C. Bakcatum plants are often very tall and very fertile. These are much larger than the ancestors of this species, resulting in hanging pods. Pepper also often has long stems.

Pepper tubes

Capsicum pubescens tubes Information:

  • Origin: Bolivia and Peru
  • Debate: pew-BES-senz
  • The meaning of the name: Short hair, puberty.
  • Popular breeds : Rocoto, Manzano, elbows…

Rocoto turbo pepper Rocoto pepper.

Known for their hairy leaves, Capsicum pubescens are probably the strangest varieties of domesticated peppers. Mature pods are thick-walled and juicy and are generally known as wild peppercorns.

Some of the only cold-resistant paprika varieties that grow on pubic bushes. Some plants have a low, broad structure with small leaves, while others can grow quite tall.

The heat varies, but some types can be quite lively. Peppers are generally bumpy and vary from the appearance of an apple to an elongated shape. That makes them perfect for filling!

Nice fact: Pubescent seeds Capsicum pubescens dark black and purple flowers.

Wild pepper varieties

While there are 5 species of domesticated peppers, there are at least 35 other species known in the wild. Most of these species carry berries and are more difficult to grow.

Capsicum eximium is an example of a wild species that probably originates from South America. This species produces both purple and pubescent flowers, which indicates the relationship between the two species.

Capsicum galapagoense is another species of game only found on the Galapagos Islands. The species is very rare and bizarre, with thick hairs (trichomes) on both leaves and stems.

There are many, many other types of pepper. Fortunately, the most amazing peppers are easily accessible through seed sources on the internet.

Crossing of sweet pepper varieties

If you are interested in crossing peppers, there are some things you should know. First of all, peppers of the same species cross each other most often. This means that crossing two different types of linen will be more successful than crossing the chin with Frutex.

Secondly, the process takes a long time. You probably won’t see your first hybrid chili for a year or more.

Thirdly, you will have very unstable peppers for the first generations. The F2 seed, or branch 2 generation, is very unstable. In the first generations there are many genetic differences. To obtain a stable variety it is necessary to grow at least 8 generations of selected and isolated plants!

If you’re still interested in crosses, join the Phenos & Crosses group on Facebook to learn and get inspired. The community loves to share great photos of amateurs and professional paprika producers.

I hope this article about pepper varieties helped you somehow! If something is missing or if there is something to add, please let us know. Thank you for reading it.

Kelvin's sketch


One of the original s! When Calvin is not gardening or studying pepper and botany, he can travel to new places or make music.

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